Here's a super-simple way to run scripts automatically on boot on your Raspberry Pi, using cron, that you can have up and running in literally a few seconds.
The secret sauce here is cron. Cron is a Unix program for scheduling jobs, and is incredibly versatile in terms of what it can do. Need to run a script every 15 minutes? Need to run a script a 6:05pm every day? Need to run a script at 20 minutes past every hour? Cron can handle it.
However, we won't be using those time-based features of cron here. We'll use its
@reboot feature to run a python script whenever your Pi boots.
Let's say that you want to build a little rainbow light with a Blinkt! and a Pi Zero, and have it run our rainbow animation example whenever it's plugged in and turned on, without having to plug in a keyboard, mouse and display to open the terminal and run the script.
This assumes that you've already installed our Blinkt! library. You can follow our Getting Started with Blinkt! tutorial to get you up to speed.
Open a terminal, and type
crontab -e. If it's the first time that you've
edited your crontab, then it will ask you to choose which editor you'd like to
use. I prefer to use nano, and this is the default, so you can just press enter
to select it.
At the top of the crontab, you'll see a lot of blurb about how to use it, on lines that are commented out (they begin with #). Scroll all the way down past these lines to the bottom (using the down arrow key) and type, on the last line, the following:
@reboot python /home/pi/Pimoroni/blinkt/examples/rainbow.py &
We're using the full path to the script, all the way
from the root. Last, we add
& to the end to run the script in the background,
so that the Pi will boot as normal.
Once you've added that line, press
enter to exit nano.
It should say
crontab: installing new crontab assuming you saved the crontab
sudo reboot to reboot your Pi, and the rainbow example should run after
a few seconds.
To remove the
@reboot command, just type
crontab -e again, delete the
offending line, and then exit and save as before.
Need something for this project? You can use the links below to add products to your Pimoroni Shop basket for easy checkout.
Raspberry Pi Zero
Raspberry Pi Zero W
Pi Zero W Starter Kit